Winter Sport Injury Prevention

The winter is a great time to go outside. We love to enjoy all of the activities that come with the winter snow; everything from ice skating and sledding to snowboarding and skiing. This time of year can be wonderful, if we make the extra effort to prevent the many injuries that can come with these activities. Here are the facts on winter sport injuries: 144,000 injuries from snow skiing 148,000 from snowboarding 58,500 from ice skating 91,000 from sledding and tobogganing The most common injuries that occur from participating in winter sports include sprains, strains, dislocations, and fractures. Although those numbers are large, most of those injuries could have been prevented. There are some things you can do to prevent injury while being active this winter. Never participate alone in a winter sport. Be sure to train and be in the proper shape when participating in more intense winter sports. Warm up thoroughly before engaging in the activity. Cold muscles, tendons, and ligaments are vulnerable to injury. Wear the appropriate gear and winter clothing. Pay attention to the weather. Understand that the temperature can be so cold that it is dangerous to be outside for long periods of time. Drink plenty of water – before, during, and after activities. Listen to your body. Avoid participating in sports if you are in pain or feeling exhausted. With this tips in mind, there is nothing stopping you from going out and making the most of the beautiful winter...
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Signs of Rotator Cuff Injuries

Rotator cuff injuries are one of the most common musculo-skeletal disorders. Each year there are approximately 200,000 Americans that require surgery in order to repair a torn rotator cuff. In addition, another 400,000 Americans have surgery in order to correct rotator cuff tendinitis or partial tears. Signs of a rotator cuff tear: Pain and tenderness in your shoulder Pain is most prevalent when reaching overhead, reaching behind your back, lifting, pulling, or sleeping on the injured side Weakness in the shoulder Loss of shoulder mobility Snapping or cracking sounds when moving the shoulder Rotator cuff injuries occur in a variety of populations. Athletes of all ages and individuals 65 and older are most susceptible to rotator cuff injury. Athletes are susceptible because of the high levels of physical stress exerted in their sports. Seniors are at risk because of the everyday wear and tear that occurs with aging. If you are experiencing shoulder pain consult with your doctor to determine the best course of action for you. You may want to consider having surgery for a rotator cuff injury if… Your symptoms have lasted 6 – 12 months You have a complete tear You have significant weakness and loss of mobility in your shoulder Your tear and symptoms were noted after a recent, acute...
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry, is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on treating the function of the entire body, as opposed to the practice of treating a specific system. It is commonly referred to as patient-centered care. PM&R doctors, known as physiatrists, are rehabilitation physicians that completed training in the medical specialty of physical medicine and rehabilitation and are experts in nerves, muscles, and bones. Physiatrists treat many different types of diseases and disorders such as chronic pain management, post-operative care, and specialist rehabilitation. The treatments they provide maximize their physical, social, psychological, and vocational potential by prescribing a variety of treatments. These can include sports physical therapy and sports medicine, therapeutic exercises, trigger point injections, and musculoskeletal ultrasounds, among many others. Most physiatrists work with a team of professionals to ensure the patient returns to optimal overall health. Other team members may include a rehabilitation nurse, psychiatrist or psychologist, occupational therapist, orthopedic surgeon, physical therapist, and clinical social worker. The members of the rehabilitation team will depend on the type and extent of injury, patient’s needs, insurance coverage, and facility resources. It is important for the patient and his or her family to remain engaged in the treatment plan to keep communication among the team members open and to ensure a more efficient...
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When is surgery right for you?

Rotator Cuff Surgery – Is it right for you? A common source of shoulder pain is a rotator cuff injury. A torn rotator cuff weakens your shoulder and can make everyday tasks such as getting dressed, driving, and showering difficult and painful. Surgery to repair the shoulder is recommended if the pain becomes chronic and does not improve with nonsurgical treatments. To help determine if rotator cuff surgery is right for you, consider the following: The length of your injury symptoms. If they’ve lasted at least six months to a year, surgery is recommended. If the tear is larger than 3cm Your shoulder has become significantly weaker Knee Surgery – when is it necessary? Arthritis in the knee causes pain, swelling, and stiffness from the inflammation of the joint. The most common types of arthritis in the knee are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis. Symptoms that persist despite nonsurgical treatments will likely require surgery. The different types of knee surgery are: Cartilage grafting. Tissue is taken from a healthy part of the knee to replace cartilage lost in the knee. This is generally done in younger patients who do not have a lot of damage. Osteotomy. To help relieve pain on the knee joint, the femur or shin bone is cut and reshaped. Arthroplasty – partial or total knee replacement. This is more common in older patients that have experienced chronic pain and when other treatments have failed. The damage cartilage and bone are removed and replaced by a plastic or metal joint. Dr. Carney at Bergen Orthopedics has successfully performed many rotator cuff and knee surgeries. To schedule a consult to help you decide what type of treatment is best for your type of injury, contact our...
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