By D.A Novikov
This booklet is a concise navigator around the heritage of cybernetics, its cutting-edge and clients. The evolution of cybernetics (from N. Wiener to the current day) and the explanations of its ups and downs are offered. The correlation of cybernetics with the philosophy and method of keep an eye on, in addition to with procedure concept and platforms research is obviously proven.
The booklet offers an in depth research targeting the fashionable developments of analysis in cybernetics. a brand new improvement degree of cybernetics (the so-called cybernetics 2.0) is mentioned as a technological know-how on basic regularities of platforms association and keep an eye on. the writer substantiates the topicality of elaborating a brand new department of cybernetics, i.e. association conception which reviews a company as a estate, approach and process.
The e-book is meant for theoreticians and practitioners, in addition to for college students, postgraduates and doctoral applicants. within the first position, the objective viewers comprises tutors and academics getting ready classes on cybernetics, regulate thought and structures science.
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Additional info for Cybernetics: From Past to Future
Decision implementation control 12. Assessment of implemented decision and its consequences D. Novikov P. Drucker E. 1 Systems analysis and strategic analysis of problem solving (see ) 4 Systems Theory and Systems Analysis … 41 4 Systems Theory and Systems Analysis … 42 SYSTEMS ANALYSIS Artificial intelligence … Information technology Data analysis and decisionmaking General systems theory Operations research Systems engineering Optimization Fig. 1 The composition and structure of systems analysis Here the main body of scientiﬁc results is the philosophical and conceptual aspects of systems analysis and general systems theory, see [28, 46, 184, 204].
Walter . Achieving a whole goal is equivalent to achieving the set of its subgoals. The principle of adequacy (W. Ashby, 1956 , Yu. Antomonov  and others). For effective control the complexity of the controller (dynamics of its states) must be adequate to the complexity (rate of change) of controlled processes. In other words, the “capacity” of the controller deﬁnes the absolute limit of control regardless of the capabilities of the controlled system (see the law of requisite variety above).
4 7. 8. 6. 5. S. Young 1. Goal-setting for organization 2. Problem identiﬁcation 3. Diagnosing 4. Decision search 5. Assessment and choice of alternatives 6. Decision negotiation 7. Decision approval 8. Preparation for decision implementation 9. Decision application control 10. Efﬁciency veriﬁcation Problem analysis Deﬁnition of system Structural analysis Formation of general goal and criterion 5. Goal decomposition, identiﬁcation of demands in resources and processes 6. Identiﬁcation of resources and processes 7.