Courtyard Housing: Past, Present and Future by Brian Edwards, Magda Sibley, Mohammad Hakmi, Peter Land

By Brian Edwards, Magda Sibley, Mohammad Hakmi, Peter Land

Courtyard housing is likely one of the oldest varieties of family improvement spanning no less than 2000 years and taking place in specified shape in lots of areas of the area. commonly linked to the center East the place weather and tradition have given form to a specific form of courtyard housing, different examples exist in Latin the US, China and in Europe, the place the version has been reinterpreted. This publication demonstrates, via discussions on sustainability and nearby identification, and through a sequence of case reviews, technical making plans and layout strategies, that the courtyard housing shape has a destiny in addition to a prior.

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The status of the row-house type provides the additional proof for Islamic resistance to the insula development in the Mediterranean. In the Islamic city the row house was generally considered a lower-class house, while in medieval Europe it was the house of the urban middle class. The row-house type nevertheless has a local history along the Arab Mediterranean coast, as the excavation of small bicellular row houses at Fustat attests, and is found in the form of the small cells built on top of shop fronts and lying in a protective screen on the border of a residential neighbourhood.

The common area is haphazardly paved, with the exception of the space in front of each house… There are no fountains but there are numerous wells’. A. Russell, The Natural History of Aleppo, vol. G and J. Robinson, p. 1794, 36. C. David, ‘La formation du tissu de la ville araboislamique: apporte de l’etude des plans cadastraux d’Alep,’ Urban Morphogenesis, 138–55. 45 Olivier Blin, ‘Le Caire XIX–XXe siecles. De la fasaha a la sala comme modeles,’ Les cahiers de la recherche architecturale 20–21, 1987, pp.

Dieulafoy) The courtyard, however, does not always perform the same function in domestic architecture. Its role differs from one region to another in both Iran and in neighbouring Arab countries. By reference to variations of types, it is possible to identify the following functions of the courtyard: ■ the demarcation of limits of the property ■ the definition of a place of privacy for the family ■ the unification of spaces and elements in a house ■ the provision of a circulation element The shared characteristics of Iranian and Arab courtyard houses 29 ■ the creation of a garden or cool place ■ the promotion of ventilation (Memarian 1993).

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