By Gawdat Gabra
Коптские монастыри: Египетское монастырское искусство и архитектура. Egypt, the birthplace of communal monasticism, has a wealthy shop of monasteries and monastic paintings. Coptic Monasteries takes the reader on a journey of the easiest preserved and most important of those historical spiritual facilities, documenting in exhaustive aspect the richness and the consideration of the Coptic historical past. An informative advent via Tim Vivian brings to lifestyles the early Christian period, with history details at the origins of the Coptic Church in addition to its rites and ceremonies, sketches of a few of monasticisms founding figures, and bills of a few of the problems they confronted, from non secular schism to nomadic assaults. Gawdat Gabras professional remark, complemented through virtually 100 full-color photos of newly restored wall work and architectural positive aspects, covers monasteries from Aswan to Wadi al-Natrun. Ranging throughout one thousand years of background, Gabras observations will make any reader a professional at the composition and content material of a few of Egypts most eminent non secular artwork, the salient architectural gains of every monastery, in addition to the continued strategy of recovery that has back a lot in their unique vibrancy to those works.
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Additional info for Coptic Monasteries Egypt's Monastic Art and Architecture
For the next century the Coptic patriarchate suffered an annual tax of 1,000 dinars. As a result of this financial burden simony, or the selling of ecclesiastical offices, was common until Pope Abraham (975-978) got the tax reduced and instituted reforms. Throughout the following centuries, the fortunes of the Copts and their Church ebbed and flowed depending on who their rulers were. Under Salah alDin (the famous Saladin of the Crusades), for example, Christians in Egypt were subject to severe social and ecclesiastical restrictions.
With the Church in decline, the first great modern reform came under Pope Cyril IV (1854-61), who stressed education for the clergy and adherence to traditional liturgical practices. By the end of the nineteenth century, the Coptic Church was considerably stronger than it had been for centuries. During the twentieth century the Church went from strength to strength. The most striking development in the twentieth century was the growth of the Coptic diaspora; there are now about eight million Copts in Egypt and perhaps one million outside the country; these latter reside principally in Britain, Canada, Australia, and the United States.
It is provided with sufficient windows to admit fresh air, sunshine, and light, has a bathroom connected with a main sewage system, a separate kitchen, a small room—“a closet”—with a wooden floor on which a monk may sleep with no danger to his health, no matter how thin he may be, and a room for study and keeping vigil with a desk and wall cupboards. In order to ensure the necessary quietness, care was taken that each cell should be completely separate from the neighbouring cells, having a spacious veranda on one side and a staircase leading to the upper floors on the other.