Controversial Issues in Prisons by David Scott

By David Scott

This booklet is anything of a 'call to arms'… in the direction of the tip of this carefully-researched and well-argued booklet there's an exhortation to 'step out', 'be brave', and Scott and Codd have, certainly, written a courageous ebook which merits to be learn extensively; not just for the targeted research it unfolds at the poisonous results of felony, but in addition for the power and fervour they bring about to endure in exploding the numerous myths which aid its endured use. British magazine of neighborhood Justice, Vol nine, matters 1 & 2 targeted factor at the Rehabilitation Revolution "Scott and Codd’s arguable matters in legal is a passionate plea for lecturers to be 'be courageous' and 'step out', and hence to recognize that the belief of, for instance, an 'healthy criminal' being (p.170) 'an oxymoron. Prisons are areas of disappointment and terror, damage and injustice, secrecy and oppression'. Set over ten chapters, 8 of which take care of a 'controversial factor' - psychological illnesses in legal, ladies in criminal, youngsters and teenagers in custody, race and racism, self-inflicted deaths, the therapy of people that sexually offend, and prisoners and their households – Scott and Codd body their argument to illustrate that those matters bring up primary issues (p. ix) 'about the legitimacy of the confinement venture and the type of society within which it really is deemed essential'." Howard League magazine This textbook is designed to discover 8 of the main arguable features of imprisonment in England and Wales. It seems to be on the those who find themselves despatched to legal and what occurs to them after they are incarcerated. each one bankruptcy examines a unique measurement of the felony inhabitants and makes connections among the private issues and vulnerabilities of these constrained. The e-book investigates controversies surrounding the incarceration of individuals with psychological illnesses, ladies, little ones, BME and international nationals, offenders with suicidal ideation, intercourse offenders and drug takers, in addition to the results of incarceration on prisoners' households. each one bankruptcy addresses key questions, akin to: How have humans conceptualised this penal controversy? What does the reputable information let us know and what are its barriers? what's its historic context? What are the modern rules of the legal provider? Are they valid and, if no longer, what are the choices? The publication concludes that the 8 penal controversies highlighted within the textual content jointly offer a damning indictment of the present nation of imprisonment in England and Wales and issues to the necessity for radical choices for facing human wrongdoing rooted within the ideas of human rights and social justice. arguable matters in Prisons is essential studying for college kids and lecturers within the fields of criminology and felony justice, in addition to these learning crime and punishment on classes in social coverage, sociology, social paintings and habit experiences.

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This is particularly visible in the demonization of women who offend against children, as in the case of Myra Hindley. As a consequence, until her death far more media and public vitriol was directed towards her than her co-defendant, Ian Brady. Such women are ‘bad’, that is, inherently evil. Alongside this goes the concept of women who offend as ‘mad’. Here the assumption is that ‘crime’ is so ‘unnatural’ for women that their offending must be a sign of ‘mental illnesses’. Both of these approaches stress the individual pathologies of female offenders and draw attention away from the gendered and socio-economic contexts of women’s lives.

As Andrew Scull (1993: 5, original emphasis) argues, it is difficult to accept the ‘claim that mental alienation is simply the product of arbitrary social labelling or scapegoating, a social construction tout court’. It seems more plausible to accept that mental health problems have a social dimension alongside their physical manifestation (Scheff 1966; Conrad and Schneider 1992). Abolitionists, drawing on labelling theory, identify that whether a person is designated as being ‘mentally ill’ or not is dependent upon a number of contingencies regarding where an action occurs; the respective power, status, respectability of the audience; and the ease with which an alleged person may be distanced.

Further reading Bartlett, P. and Sandland, R. (2008) Mental Health Law: Policy and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Coppock, V. and Hopton, J. (2000) Critical Perspectives on Mental Health. London: Routledge. Laing, J. (1999) Care or Custody? Mentally Disordered Offenders in the Criminal Justice System. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Scull, A. (1993) The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain, 1700–1900. London: Yale University Press. Seddon, T. (2007) Punishment and Madness: Governing Prisoners with Mental Health Problems.

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