Constructions of Intersubjectivity: Discourse, Syntax, and by Arie Verhagen

By Arie Verhagen

Structures of Intersubjectivity indicates that the that means of grammatical structures usually has extra to do with the human cognitive capability for taking different peoples' issues of view than with describing the area. Treating pragmatics, semantics, and syntax in parallel and integrating insights from linguistics, psychology, and animal conversation, Arie Verhagen develops a brand new knowing of linguistic conversation. In doing so he indicates the continuity among language and animal verbal exchange and divulges the character of human linguistic specialization.

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Extra resources for Constructions of Intersubjectivity: Discourse, Syntax, and Cognition

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Inheritance hierarchies [ . . ] Broad generalizations are captured by constructions that are inherited by many other constructions; more limited patterns are captured by positing constructions at various midpoints of the hierarchical network. Exceptional patterns are captured by low-level constructions. Thus a possibility to be envisaged for each of the constructional patterns under investigation is that some function may be connected to a specific, lowlevel pattern and not inherited by many others, or to a pattern at a higher level in the network of constructions.

Because the debate exciting promises to become ‘. . ’ (19) . . als hij belooft de grondwet te verdedigen. if he promises the constitution to defend ‘. . ’ The syntactic asymmetry is that subjective beloven is not possible in the position of objective beloven in (19) ((20) is unacceptable—indicated by ‘Ã’), but objective beloven, on the other hand, is possible in the position of subjective beloven in (18), witness (21). (20) Ã . . omdat het debat belooft spannend te worden. because the debate promises exciting to become (21) .

Examples of such purely subjective expressions are interjections; for example, a greeting (Hi), an apology (Sorry), or a call for attention (Hey). Other instances are markers of epistemic stance (probably), evaluative adjuncts (unfortunately), or particles etc. Even more simple configurations may be possible in which only one of the conceptualizers at level S is really profiled; for example, with non-interactional signs of disgust or frustration (Yech, Damn). In actual usage some facet of experience is also functioning as an object of conceptualization in these cases (such as the situation that provides the reason for the apology, or the taste of some piece of food), but none of this is indicated by the conventional meanings of these elements, which only express a subjective reaction, or organize the relationship between speaker/ writer and addressee.

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