By Joel T. Shelton
Shelton investigates the conditionality regime directed at 'transforming societies' within ecu candidate states. He bargains a brand new figuring out of conditionality that includes the social and subjective dimensions of the 'European project', finding the targets and boundaries of conditionality within the rules of political financial system.
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Additional resources for Conditionality and the Ambitions of Governance: Social Transformation in Southeastern Europe
Conditionality is most effective where ‘conditional rewards are certain, high, and quickly dispersed; threats to withhold the reward are credible; adoption costs are small; and veto players are few’ (2005a: 17). Schimmelfennig, Stefan Engert, and Heiko Knobel equate the adoption of EU rules to state socialization, where socialization is defined as ‘a process in which states are induced to adopt the constitutive rules of an international community’ (2006: 2). They distinguish state socialization from individual socialization, arguing that ‘rule adoption may occur at the level of collective structures and processes without individual change’; thus state socialization does not require the internalization or habitualization of norms (2006: 4), but only the strategic, formal, institutional adoption of rules on the basis of the strategy of ‘reinforcement by reward’ (2006: 7).
The number of Europeanized staff in the ministries was initially small, but EU policies and methods slowly penetrated deeper as the accession requirements affected more and more areas of public policy’ (2006: 198). The institutions of candidate states ‘became Europeanised at micro-level’ (2006: 199). The result is that conditionality functions to effect state normalization, and it is state normalization through conditionality that helps to explain both ‘irrational’ behavior in the bargaining and negotiation process and the way that the overall accession process was driven forward ‘to some extent independently of the terms negotiated for joining the EU’ (2006: 199).
Knowledge of what these conditions are and how they might be transformed is a product of a particular rationality of governance that is derived from liberal and neoliberal visions of political-economic life. Conditionality is therefore a set of practices informed by a particular intellectual inheritance and directed at present to the transformation of states and institutions as well as the social and subjective dimensions of persons as laborers, students, administrators, consumers, and citizens.