Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity: Summary of a by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs,

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives, Charles W. Wessner

Responding to the demanding situations of fostering local development and employment in an more and more aggressive worldwide economic climate, many U.S. states and areas have built courses to draw and develop businesses in addition to allure the expertise and assets essential to increase neighborhood innovation clusters. those kingdom and locally dependent tasks have a large diversity of objectives and more and more contain greater assets commitments, usually with a sectoral concentration and infrequently in partnership with foundations and universities. contemporary reviews, notwithstanding, have mentioned that a lot of those efforts lack the dimensions and the regular dedication wanted for fulfillment. This has caused new tasks to coordinate and focus investments from a number of federal corporations to strengthen examine parks, company incubators, and different innovations to motivate entrepreneurships and high-tech improvement within the nation's areas. knowing the character of innovation clusters and public rules linked to winning cluster improvement is as a result of present relevance.

Clustering for twenty first Century Prosperity identifies most sensible practices in regards to targets, buildings, tools, modes of operation, synergies throughout inner most and public courses, investment mechanisms and degrees, and review efforts. The committee, less than the Board on technology, expertise, and fiscal coverage (STEP) is reviewing chosen country and neighborhood efforts to capitalize on federal and nation investments in parts of serious nationwide wishes. This overview comprises either efforts to bolster current industries in addition to particular know-how concentration parts comparable to nanotechnology, stem cells, and complicated strength on the way to greater comprehend software ambitions, demanding situations, and accomplishments.

As a part of this learn, the committee is convening a sequence of public workshops and symposia related to liable neighborhood, country, and federal officers and different stakeholders. Drawing from discussions at those symposia, fact-finding conferences, and commissioned analyses of current kingdom and local courses and expertise concentration parts, the committee will accordingly produce a last file with findings and proposals all in favour of classes, matters, and possibilities for complementary U.S. rules created by way of those nation and neighborhood initiatives.

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Brooke noted that the science park’s Phase III facilities will focus on new clusters, such as thin-film photovoltaic panels, environmental engineering, and energy management for buildings. The park’s laboratories, design center, and incubators focus on niche technologies within these broad areas, such as chips for wireless telecom devices, smart cards, and RFID applications, areas where Hong Kong already is strong. In all, the goal is to create in Hong Kong an important integration platform for technologies from around the world, serving markets in China and elsewhere in Asia.

3 billion annually on R&D. There also are 282 private institutions employing 15,842 researchers. The big challenge, though, “is how to transfer this science and technology into production, productivity, quality, competitiveness, and better employment,” explained Alberto Duque Portugal, the Minas Gerais Secretary for Science, Technology and Higher Education. The state especially wants to speed development in the poor, less densely populated north, which includes portions of the Amazon. The state has spent some $300 million in four years to enhance the regional innovation system.

The number of start-ups launched by AUTM members also has climbed steadily, from 200 in 1994 to nearly 600 in 2008. Dr. Stevens noted that when one looks at the productivity of university technology-transfer programs, however, the picture is unimpressive. Successful patent applications and the number of licenses have remained flat for the past decade. S. patent applications, meaning that the rest never made it out of the lab, Dr. Stevens observed. S. patents issued. Just 3 percent of those inventions led to the formation of start-up companies.

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