Case Files Neuroscience 2/E by Jandial, Rahul; Neman, Josh; Snyder, Evan Y.; Toy, Eugene C

By Jandial, Rahul; Neman, Josh; Snyder, Evan Y.; Toy, Eugene C

Examine NEUROSCIENCE within the CONTEXT OF REAL-LIFE sufferers and get ready FOR THE forums

Experience with scientific circumstances is essential to excelling at the USMLE Step 1 and shelf assessments, and eventually to delivering sufferers with efficient scientific care. Case documents: Neuroscience offers forty nine true-to-life situations that illustrate crucial strategies during this box. each one case comprises an easy-tounderstand dialogue correlated to crucial simple technology recommendations, definitions of keywords, neuroscience pearls, and USMLE-style evaluate questions. With Case records, you will study rather than memorize.

  • Learn from forty nine high-yield circumstances, every one with board-style questions and key-point pearls
  • Master advanced innovations via transparent and concise discussions
  • Practice with evaluate inquiries to toughen learning
  • Polish your method of scientific problem-solving
  • Perfect for scientific, actual remedy, and neuroscience scholars getting ready for path assessments and the Boards
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    In the analysis of tumors, it is important to remember that dysfunctional tumor cells arise from normal cells and thus express the same markers as the cells from which they arise. In this case, the tumor contains myelin elements and thus most likely arises from a cell that produces myelin: either an oligodendrocyte or a Schwann cell. Because the question refers specifically to the CNS, the correct answer is oligodendrocyte. The other cell types listed do not produce myelin. 3 C. Because CSF flows in the subarachnoid space between the arachnoid mater and the pia mater, bloody CSF indicates blood in the subarachnoid space.

    One oligodendrocyte can provide myelin sheaths for many axons, but a Schwann cell provides myelin for just one axon. • Microglia, the phagocytes of the nervous system, are mobilized by insults to the CNS and remove debris following neuronal injury or death. They arise from macrophages outside of the nervous system and are physiologically unrelated to other glial cells. • Astrocytes, the most numerous type of glial cell, are star-shaped cells that fill the interneuronal space in the CNS. They provide structural support for the neurons in the CNS, insulate and separate neurons from one another, and help to regulate the potassium ion concentration in the extracellular space around neurons.

    The muscles of the neck, tongue, pharynx, and larynx may also become involved. Depending on the extent of involvement of the various motor neurons, a mixed upper and lower motor neuron disease becomes evident. There are no cognitive, sensory, or autonomic disturbances in this disease. An electromyelogram (EMG) obtained for confirmatory purposes reveals widespread fibrillations and fasciculations, evidence of active denervation and reinnervation of the muscles. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may reveal normal or slightly elevated protein levels.

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