British immigration policy since 1939 The making of by Ian R.G. Spencer

By Ian R.G. Spencer

British immigration coverage considering the fact that 1939

In the distance of under part a century, Britain has shifted from being an almost all-white society to at least one within which ethnicity and race are major social and political elements. This booklet lines the chronology of this transition from the second one global conflict, throughout the first restrictive laws on immigration within the Nineteen Sixties, to the improvement of robust ethnic groups in sleek British society.

Based on an in depth learn of lately published archival fabric, Ian Spencer’s booklet is exclusive in its assurance of post-war immigration from a old standpoint. From this facts, Spencer contends that the payment of black and Asian humans used to be now not welcomed at any degree by way of the British govt. the writer records the restrictive measures which did not hinder the fast inflow within the overdue Fifties and Nineteen Sixties of individuals from a wide selection of backgrounds and nationalities who displayed substantial initiative in overcoming stumbling blocks positioned of their way.

Ian R.G.Spencer is an self reliant advisor operating in schooling and equivalent possibilities. he's the previous Head of background, De Montfort college, Leicester.

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31 The parlous state of the shipping industry through most of the inter-war years, the discrimination and poor treatment meted out to ‘coloured’ seamen and the implementation of what was, in effect, an immigration policy that restricted entry of Asian and black people to Britain all provide an explanation for the slow growth of Asian and black Britain following the acceleration associated with the First World War. 33 However, by 1939 the demand for sailors had begun to increase and the Second World War was, to a considerable extent, to see a replication of the conditions of the first.

The most frequently repeated justification—and probably the most important reason—for these policies was fear of a repetition of the serious outbreaks of inter-racial violence that had occurred in 1919: in Glasgow in January, in South Shields in January and February, in London in April, and in Liverpool, Cardiff, Barry and Newport in June. These disturbances were not the first examples of collective racial violence in Britain. There had been clashes in the 1870s, and in 1911 Cardiff’s Chinese community had been attacked.

Cardiff, Liverpool and London, with long-standing connections to the Caribbean, West Africa and India, had already, by the middle of the nineteenth century, acquired a diverse multi-racial population with deep roots. Although seamen from the Indian sub-continent had been recruited since the seventeenth century, it was the large-scale expansion of the British shipping industry in the latter half of the nineteenth century that brought much enlarged communities of mainly transient seamen from Africa, the Indian sub-continent, China, the Middle East, the Caribbean and Malaya to British ports.

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