Britain's First Muslims: Portrait of an Arab Community by Fred Halliday

By Fred Halliday

Worry of the terrorist possibility provoked by way of radical Islam has generated heated debates on multiculturalism and the mixing of Muslim migrant groups in to Britain. Yet little is understood approximately Britain’s first Muslims, the Yemenis. Yemenis all started settling in British port cities in the beginning of the twentieth century, and afterwards turned a part of the immigrant labour strength in Britain’s business towns. Fred Halliday's ground-breaking examine, dependent in Yemen and Britain, presents a desirable case learn for knowing the dynamics of immigrant cultures and the complexities of Muslim id in Britain. Telling the tales of sailor groups in Cardiff and commercial staff in Sheffield, Halliday tracks the evolution of group organisations and the influence of British executive coverage on their improvement. He analyzes hyperlinks among the diaspora and the native land, and appears at how diversified migrant teams in Britain relate to eachother below the Muslim umbrella.  In a desirable new advent to his vintage learn, Halliday explains the way it will help us comprehend British Islam in an age which has produced either al Qaeda and the Yemeni-born boxer Prince Naseem.

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6 In another sense, though, Yemen was neither one nor two, but four units, and this division was extremely relevant to Yemeni emigration. First of all, in the eastern part of what was South Yemen lay the area known as the Hadramaut. It consists of a coastal city, Mukalla, and then, over some mountains, the fertile valley of Wadi Hadramaut, where there are a number of towns. The Hadramaut has a long history of emigration, and Hadramis have been traders in the Indian ocean for centuries. -. ,. Of\" ",~ The Yemen: North and South activity in exile.

One further point should be clarified about the use of the term 'Arab' in this study, namely the question of religion. Despite the fact that the majority of Arabs are adherents of Islam, there have always been in the Arab world substantial minorities which are Arab-speaking but profess other religions - notably Judaism and Christianity. Emigration among these non-Muslims has been substantial, for either economic or political reasons, and they have been well represented within the Arab immigrant communities in Britain.

Indd 21 6/10/09 09:53:43 22â•… Britain’sâ•—Firstâ•—Muslims ..... · ..... g'8. llli~~~~LLMENT AND ACCOUNT OF CREW.. FOREIGN'GOING SHIP. ~~. i,,:~ btIIDull fk Ri_ Eu.. \IoIId Sr_ iMIvi... ,... i,. Mlfd. Micl O/Jk6. Ai: Crew register of the Italiana, dated Cardiff, 25 May 1916. Crewmen numbers 16-20 have Yemeni names, give Aden as nationality, and addresses at Bute Street and Maria Street in Butetown (Courtesy Welsh Industrial and Maritime Museum, Cardiff) The 1940s represented the high point in the development of Butetown as a cosmopolitan community of sailors and their families, and this was especially true for the Yemenis and Somalis.

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