Brill's Companion to Ancient Greek Scholarship by Franco Montanari, Stefanos Matthaios, Antonios Rengakos

By Franco Montanari, Stefanos Matthaios, Antonios Rengakos

Brill’s spouse to historic Greek Scholarship goals at offering a reference paintings within the box of historical Greek and Byzantine scholarship and grammar, hence encompassing the wide and multifaceted philological and linguistic study job in the course of the whole Greek Antiquity and the center a long time. the 1st a part of the amount bargains a radical old evaluate of historical scholarship, which covers the interval from its very beginnings to the Byzantine period. the second one half makes a speciality of the disciplinary profile of old scholarship by means of investigating its major medical subject matters. The 3rd and ultimate half offers the actual paintings of old students in numerous philological and linguistic issues, and likewise examines where of scholarship and grammar from an interdisciplinary perspective, specifically from their interrelation with rhetoric, philosophy, drugs and nature sciences.

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As the majority of texts belong to the 4th century, the backdating of widespread literacy to the 5th cent. 42 The readership remained élite, but it was situated in a large number of cities. 4 Alphabet Reform and the Increasing Role of Grammata In 403 BC the Greek alphabet was reformed. 43 The comic poet Callias wrote this noteworthy event into his Grammatikē Tragōidia (or Grammatikē Theōria) probably written after 403 BC. Here a chorus of twenty-four women represent the new alphabet, a lesson concerning the pronunciation of new letters and witticisms based on letter-combinations 39 On the relationship of Old comedy with intellectual movements of the time, see Zimmermann [1993a], Carey [2000], Whitehorne [2002]; on the level of competence of the audience, see Revermann [2006].

Antid. 266–267, see further Morgan [1998] 9–14, Morgan [1999] 51–52. 91 O’Regan [1992] 11–17, 38–39. 92 Although the sophists remained élitist in the sense that they taught privately, usually in aristocratic houses, they championed the interchange of opinions and ideas, and the development of arguments in public space. 93 Sophists taught natural science, meteorology, astronomy, mathematics, geometry, rhetoric, literary criticism and grammar. Many sophists, such as Protagoras, Gorgias, Prodicus or Hippias, wrote prose treatises.

The teaching scene in Aristophanes’ Clouds where metre and rhythm (Ar. Nub. 638– 656) and also grammar are taught (Ar. Nub. 638, 658–693); Morgan [1999] 50–53. 2 Schools as Formal Institutions It is unclear whether organised schooling was known in Athens in the 6th century. 75 Schools probably existed as formal institutions at the very least in Ionia from the beginnings of the 5th century BC. A disaster is referred to in a school on wealthy Chios while pupils were being taught γράμματα in 494 BC (Hdt.

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