Balkan prehistory by Douglass W. Bailey

By Douglass W. Bailey

Интересная книга для праисторий Балксанского полуострова

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The distinction is important both in terms of the types of daily lives which people were living and in terms of the parts of the landscape on which much modern fieldwork within Balkan prehistoric archaeology has focused, that is, the wooded lowlands, and the consequent continuing absence of early Holocene sites. 36 SETTING THE SCENE (BEFORE 6500 BC) Even if the current under-represented settlement of the early Holocene landscapes of the Balkans is fleshed out with a better sample of sites, it is highly likely that the density of communities in any one landscape was low.

Similar conditions undoubtedly dominated southern and eastern Bulgaria and perhaps northern Bulgaria and southern Romania. Clive Gamble has identified red deer, horse, bos/bison and reindeer as the four principal species upon which Palaeolithic subsistence was based (Gamble 1986:101). These species were distinct. They appeared in large numbers and high densities, had body sizes large enough to return the investment of energy expended in their hunting and had reproductive rates rapid enough to support population survival despite losses to hunting.

Diachronically, there is little variation in the frequencies of the differently sourced materials. The material from the north-east and east always predominated although among these two materials, the Luda Kamchiya material was more frequent towards the end of the Bacho Kiro levels (Kozlowki’s late Aurignacian phase). The Aegean contact, if one artefact can justify the term, occurs in level 7, Kozlowski’s second Aurignacian phase. The absence of absolute dates for these layers makes any more refined comment imprudent.

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