ATC-40 Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings by APPLIED TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL

By APPLIED TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL

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Extra resources for ATC-40 Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings

Sample text

Well-built of mica-slate with interspersed granite blocks in a limestone mortar it lacks the usual offsets internally that supported the wooden floors of the six storeys. Instead four putlog holes, alternating in position at each floor level, provide for two beams to support the wooden floors, containing openings to allow access to each storey by wooden ladder. Spiralling round are four lintelled openings that light each of the four floors above the entrance floor. The sixth and top storey, now believed to have housed the monastic bell, is lit by four comparatively large openings under the cornice of the conical roof, pointing in the direction of the cardinal points of the compass.

Instead four putlog holes, alternating in position at each floor level, provide for two beams to support the wooden floors, containing openings to allow access to each storey by wooden ladder. Spiralling round are four lintelled openings that light each of the four floors above the entrance floor. The sixth and top storey, now believed to have housed the monastic bell, is lit by four comparatively large openings under the cornice of the conical roof, pointing in the direction of the cardinal points of the compass.

Almost monastic in plan and organisation, they were military establishments serving a number of functions. Acting as recruiting and training centres for the religious orders, they were frequently fortified to aid Anglo-Norman subjugation of the Gaels. With increasing granting of land they became administrative centres for their estates. Unfortunately there are no remains of any significance, with the exception of the preceptory at Kilteel. This is an important fortification as it played a significant role as a border fortress in the later Middle Ages, located as it is in the south-west corner of the Pale, a strategic position between the Irish in Wicklow and the Anglo-Normans in Kildare and Dublin.

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