Alcohol and injuries : emergency department studies in an by editors, Cheryl J. Cherpitel ... [et al.]

By editors, Cheryl J. Cherpitel ... [et al.]

The damaging use of alcohol is among the major probability components to future health. it really is liable every year for roughly 2.3 million untimely deaths world wide. accidents -- either accidental and intentional -- account for greater than a 3rd of the weight of ailment as a result of alcohol intake. those comprise accidents from highway site visitors crashes, burns, poisoning, falls and drowning in addition to violence opposed to oneself or  Read more...

Cover --
Copyright --
Why Are Alcohol-Related accidents a priority For Who? --
Who Collaborative research On Alcohol And accidents --
Results --
Future instructions And Implications --
Acknowledgements

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Honkanen R et al. (1983). The role of alcohol in accidental falls. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 44, 231-245. MacAndrew C, Edgerton RB (1969). Drunken comportment: A social explanation, Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co. CHAPTER 3 : CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL ATTRIBUTION OF ALCOHOL IN INJURIES Macdonald S et al. (2005). The criteria for causation of alcohol in violent injuries based on emergency room data from six countries. Addictive Behaviors 30, 103-113. Macdonald S et al. (1999). Demographic and substance use factors related to violent and accidental injuries: results from an emergency room study.

25). In contrast, for five sites among those with non-violence-related injuries, either non-elevated (WHO-Canada and the Czech Republic) or non-significant RR estimates (Kaiser, Warsaw, Sosnowiec) were observed. 67. In all circumstances (crude, fixed and random estimates), the homogeneity test for the comparison of the pooled estimates for violence and non-violence cases (the p values in the middle column) showed differences. Among study sites, only in Mar del Plata, China, India and Mozambique were no differences found between the RR estimates for cases of violence-related and non-violence-related injuries.

2006) of data from 35 ED sites in 24 ED studies across 15 countries comprising the combined ERCAAP and WHO Collaborative Study are summarized here. Individual-level, or patient-level, variables included in the analysis were age, gender, volume consumed in the six hours prior to the event, whether or not the respondent reported feeling drunk at the time of the injury, and whether the injury resulted from violence or was traffic-related. Study-level variables, which typically were measured as characteristics of the EDs themselves, were used to explain the between-study variation of the relationship between the amount of alcohol consumed in the six hours prior to injury (log volume), as well as whether or not the patient reported feeling drunk, and the likelihood of attributing a causal association of the injury to drinking.

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