Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living by Trevor Yorke

By Trevor Yorke

Abbeys of the center a long time stay one of the most brilliant of spiritual structures. They have been outfitted with an organization feel of devotion, and with out price spared, by way of groups which had a religion established upon venerable appreciate for the facility and authority of the Church. The grace and majesty in their building, and the gorgeous rural settings of such a lot of, cause them to an ideal vacation spot for viewers all year long. Trevor Yorke, utilizing diagrams, pictures and illustrations, explains the background of those constructions and describes how they have been utilized in the centuries sooner than the nice Dissolution via Henry VIII in 1536, which left such a lot of them in ruins.

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Under these 10th century Christian rulers, monasteries began to be refounded, especially when Dunstan, the inspirational Abbot of Glastonbury, became Archbishop of Canterbury in AD 960. He played a major part in establishing Benedictine religious houses across the south and east, so that on the eve of the Norman Conquest some 100 years later there were nearly fifty monasteries and nunneries. Abbeys in this Period FOUNDATIONS AND SITES With only fragments of Anglo-Saxon and Celtic monasteries surviving today and little reliable documentary evidence, their appearance in this period requires a certain amount of imagination until further sites like St Paul’s Monastery at Jarrow come under the scrutiny of modern archaeology.

13: MALMESBURY ABBEY, WILTSHIRE: This spectacular late 12th century porch entrance is the best example in the country of the fashionable receding bands of highly decorated arches, a style imported following Henry II’s conquests in southern France. 14: GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL, GLOUCESTERSHIRE: A Norman triforium opening featuring columns with scalloped capitals and chevron or zigzag decoration. 15: TEWKESBURY ABBEY, GLOUCESTERSHIRE: Two views of this well-preserved Norman abbey church. The top one is of the tower, typically stocky with rows of blind arcades, round arches and zigzag patterns.

Roofs at this date were steeply pitched and could be covered with tiles, oak shingles and even thatch. The second view is of the west front with the impressive concentric arches, which along with the tower date from the mid 12th century. 1: CROXDEN ABBEY, STAFFORDSHIRE: This rather late Cistercian foundation of 1178 features buildings completed in the early 13th century in the new Gothic Style. Gone are the semicircular forms; now the arches are pointed, with the two lancet windows on the tall ruins of the south transept (in the background), typical of this Early English architecture.

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